Living In Ireland- Landscape and Climate
Our Living in Ireland Guide contains lots of useful information for both assignees relocating to Ireland, and HR Managers responsible for managing and supporting the relocation process.
Over the coming weeks and months the Living in Ireland Series of articles will provide a host of insights into the many aspects of Ireland and the Irish.
The Republic of Ireland lies in the north Atlantic Ocean and is separated from Britain by the Irish Sea to the west. The north-eastern part of the island (Northern Ireland) is part of the United Kingdom.It is the second-largest island of the British Isles, trailing only Great Britain, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. With a coastline of 2,797 km Ireland is a relative small Island. The landscape is relatively flat with the highest point reaching to 1,041 m (3,415 ft).
There are four provinces: Leinster, which covers the eastern por on of the country around Dublin; Munster, which covers the south; Connacht, which covers the west of Ireland; and Ulster, which is pre- dominantly in Northern Ireland but also covers the northern p of the Republic.
Ireland’s capital is Dublin, a populous and affluent city whose metropolitan area is home to more than one-fourth of the country’s total population. The city’s old dockside neighbourhoods have given way to new residential and commercial development. Cork, Ireland’s second largest city, is a handsome cathedral city and port in the southwest. Other principal centres include Waterford, Wexford, and Drogheda on the east coast, Sligo in the northwest, and Limerick and Galway in the west.
Ireland has a central plain surrounded by a rim of mountains and hills offering some of the most varied and unspoilt scenery in Europe. Inland you’ll find bogs, moors, forests, lakes, mountains and wetlands. Quiet sandy beaches, semi-tropical bays warmed by the Gulf Stream, and rugged cliffs make up the 5,600km (3,500 miles) of coastline. There are numerous rivers in Ireland, the longest of which – the River Shannon, at 360 km (224 miles) in length and is one of the country’s most picturesque.
The magnificent scenery of Ireland’s Atlantic coastline faces a 2,000-mile- (3,200-km-) wide expanse of ocean, and its geographic isolation has helped it to develop a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. Find out more about the Wild Atlanic Way by clicking on the logo.
Ireland’s climate is classified as western maritime. The predominant in uence is the Atlantic Ocean, which is no more than 70 miles (113 km) from any inland location. The mild south-westerly winds and warm waters of the North Atlantic Current contribute to the moderate quality of the climate. Temperature is almost uniform over the entire island, although the locals will tell you that it rains quite a lot in the West of the country. In contrast, Wexford is often called the “sunny southeast”.
Average air temperatures lie mainly between limits of 39 and 45 °F (4 and 7 °C) in January and February, the coldest months of the year. In July and August, the warmest months, temperatures usually range between 57 and 61 °F (14 and 16 °C), although occasionally considerably higher readings are recorded and the beaches will be packed with sun seekers for as long as the good weather lasts.
The sunniest months are May and June, when there is sunshine for an average dura on of 5.5 and 6.5 hours a day, respectively, over most of the country, and the ancient patchwork of fields and settlements making up the landscape glows under a clear, vital light.
Average annual precipita on varies from about 30 inches (760 mm) in the east to more than 100 inches (2,533 mm) in the western areas exposed to the darkening clouds that often come sweeping in from the Atlantic. The precipitation, combined with the equable climate, is particularly beneficial to the grasslands, which are the mainstay of the country’s large livestock population. Snow is infrequent except in the mountains, and prolonged or severe snowstorms are rare. In recent years, there has been increasing levels of flooding in lower parts of the country with towns along the river Shannon and other large rivers suffering most from the impact of the ever increasing climate change. The best advice to any new assignee is to always have your umbrella handy. Rain can appear on the horizon at any time.
National Meteorological Service
Met Éireann, the Irish National Meteorological Service is the leading provider of weather informa on and related services for Ireland. If you want to keep abreast of the fine Irish weather you can download the Met Eireann App.